What is an LNC?

What is an LNC?

Read our What is an LNC Brochure!

Legal nurse consulting is the analysis and evaluation of facts and testimony and the rendering of informed opinions related to the delivery of nursing and other healthcare services and outcomes, and the nature and cause of injuries. The legal nurse consultant is a licensed registered nurse who performs a critical analysis of clinically related issues in a variety of settings in the legal arena. The nurse expert with a strong educational and experiential foundation is qualified to assess adherence to standards and guidelines of practice as applied to nursing practice. Follow the links below for additional information:  

What Makes a Legal Nurse Consultant Distinct?

As consultants, legal nurses serve as analysts, collaborators, strategists, researchers, and educators.  With their in-depth knowledge of nursing, medicine, and the healthcare system, their contributions are recognized in all types of medical-legal cases or claims across all medical-legal settings. As such, LNCs are uniquely qualified and valuable members of the legal team.

Where Can I find a Legal Nurse Consultant?

Visit the LNC Locator® to search for a legal nurse consultant by state or specialty area. The LNC Locator® is a quick and convenient way to locate an LNC or nurse expert witness for your litigation team. 

What Does a Legal Nurse Consultant Do?

  • Participate in client interviews 
  • Identify, organize and analyze pertinent medical records
  • Prepare a chronology, timeline or other summaries of documentation in medical records
  • Conduct medical literature searches and assist in other research
  • Identify applicable standards of care in medical malpractice cases
  • Identify, screen and facilitate review by expert witnesses
  • Evaluate case strengths and weaknesses
  • Draft or analyze medical portions of legal documents
  • Evaluate causation and damages issues
  • Educate attorneys and clients regarding relevant medical issues
  • Identify plaintiff's future medical needs and associated costs 
  • Participate in case management and case strategy discussions 
  • Attend independent medical exams
  • Serve as a nurse expert witness
  • Perform cost of care estimates for long-term care treatment and catastrophic case management scenarios
  • Locate or prepare demonstrative evidence for trial 
  • Assist with preparation for and support during deposition, trial or ADR  

Where Does the Legal Nurse Consultant Practice?

As a liaison between the legal and the healthcare communities as well as the consumer, the legal nurse consultant can practice in a variety of settings including:

  • Law firms
  • Government Agencies
  • Insurance companies
  • Health Care Facilities 
  • Forensic environments
  • LNC Consulting firms
  • HMOs
  • Self-employed independent practices
  • Patient Safety Organizations 
  • Business and Industry Legal Departments 

What is the Role of the Legal Nurse Consultant?

Since the early 80s, legal nurse consultants have acted as collaborators and strategists, offering support in medically-related litigation and other medical-legal matters in a variety of practice areas including the following:

  • Medical malpractice
  • Personal injury
  • Long term care litigation/elder law
  • Product liability 
  • Toxic tort
  • Workers' compensation
  • Risk Management
  • Life Care Planning
  • Regulatory compliance 
  • Forensic/criminal
  • Civil Rights
  • Employment discrimination
  • Medicare set-aside

Why Should You Hire a Legal Nurse Consultant?

Knowledge. The legal nurse consultant has a thorough understanding of anatomy, physiology, medical treatment and disease processes. 

Experience. The legal nurse consultant has extensive clinical experience, which includes interpretation of medical records and medical literature.

Resourcefulness. The legal nurse consultant possesses a network of medical and professional resources and contacts.

What is the LNCC® Credential?

Board certification is available to legal nurse consultants through the Legal Nurse Consultant Certified (LNCC®) program. Similar to clinical nursing certification, LNCC® certification demonstrates that the RN has met experience and education requirements and has passed the certification examination.

The LNCC® program is accredited by and meets the rigorous standards of the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification (ABSNC), an accrediting body for specialty nursing certification programs.

Legal nurse consultants who have achieved the LNCC® credential have demonstrated knowledge, experience, and commitment to this nursing specialty.

What is the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants?

The American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants (AALNC) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the professional enhancement of registered nurses practicing in a consulting capacity in the legal field.  Founded in 1989, AALNC serves as a resource to its members and provides a forum for education and the exchange of information. The AALNC Code of Ethics and Conduct provides guidelines for professional performance and practice that affirm the values and practices of the American Nurses Association.

AALNC Code of Ethics and Conduct

Click here to download the AALNC Code of Ethics.